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HIV and AIDS News
December 12, 2019

Top Headlines
 

A team of researchers has found an antibody that protects mice against a wide range of potentially lethal influenza viruses, ... read more

Koala Epidemic Provides Lesson in How DNA Protects Itself from Viruses

In animals, infections are fought by the immune system. Studies on an unusual virus infecting wild koalas reveal a new form of 'genome ... read more

Here's How Early Humans Evaded Immunodeficiency Viruses

The cryoEM structure of a simian immunodeficiency virus protein bound to primate proteins shows how a mutation in early humans allowed our ancestors to escape infection while monkeys and apes did ... read more

Viral HIV Vaccine Gives Durable Protection Against 'Death Star' Strain

Efforts to develop an effective HIV vaccine have repeatedly stumbled on one tough research strain, SIVmac239. Nicknamed the 'death star' strain, it has defeated multiple anti-HIV vaccine and antibody ... read more
Latest Headlines
updated 10:16am EST

Earlier Headlines
 

Current Treatment for Fungal Meningitis Is Fueling Drug Resistance

A common first-line treatment approach for cryptococcal meningitis in low-income countries is being compromised by the emergence of drug resistance, new research warns. The findings highlight the ... read more

Newly Engineered Peptide Shows Potential as Long-Acting Anti-HIV Drug

A newly engineered peptide called IBP-CP24 has the potential to be further developed as a long-acting anti-HIV drug that can be used alone or in combination with a broad neutralizing antibody for the ... read more

How a Cellular Shuttle Helps HIV-1 Spread in Immune Organs

New insight on how a type of cell facilitates the spread of HIV-1 has just been ... read more

Mapping the Pathway to Gut Health in HIV and SIV Infections

A new study found that Lactobacillus plantarum bacteria rapidly repaired damaged gut lining (known as leaky gut) in monkeys infected with chronic simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), an HIV-like ... read more

HIV Drug Exposure in Womb May Increase Child Risk of Microcephaly, Developmental Delays

Children born to women on HIV therapy containing the drug efavirenz were 2 to 2.5 times more likely to have microcephaly, or small head size, compared to children born to women on regimens of other ... read more

New Research Explains How HIV Avoids Getting ZAPped

Humans have evolved dynamic defense mechanisms against the viruses that seek to infect our bodies -- proteins that specialize in identifying, capturing and destroying the genetic material that ... read more

DNA Technology as a Novel Strategy for Delivery of Anti-HIV Antibodies

Scientists applied synthetic DNA-based technology to drive in vivo production of broadly neutralizing anti-HIV antibodies in small and large-animal models, providing proof of concept for a simple and ... read more

Groundbreaking HIV Vaccine Design Strategy Shows Promise in Proof-of-Principle Tests

The new vaccine strategy centers on stimulating the immune system to produce broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) against HIV. These special antibodies are capable of neutralizing many different ... read more

Modified CRISPR Gene Editing Tool Could Improve Therapies for HIV, Sickle Cell Disease

Researchers may have found a way to sharpen the fastest, cheapest and most accurate gene editing technique, CRISPR-Cas9, so that it can more successfully cut out undesirable genetic information. This ... read more

Virus Characteristics Predict HIV Treatment Efficacy With Antibody Treatment

Current HIV-1 therapies have been proven to be highly effective in slowing the progression of the virus in the body with only minimal side effects. The daily antiretroviral therapy (ART) uses a ... read more

HIV Drug Stops Zika Infection, Strategy Could Halt Infections Caused by Related Viruses

Researchers report that a drug used in the treatment of HIV also suppresses Zika virus infection. In cell and animal models, they show that rilpivirine stops Zika virus by targeting enzymes that both ... read more

Using Whole-Genome Sequencing for Early Identification and Containment of AMR Pathogens

A study published today examines the evolutionary and epidemiologic history of an epidemic strain of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) -- called LAM4/KZN. This strain was first ... read more

Tuberculous Infection Is Not Life-Long in Most People

A new analysis challenges the longstanding notion that tuberculous infection is a life-long infection that could strike at any time and cause ... read more

Scientists Adapt CAR-T Immunotherapy to Target the HIV Latent Reservoir

Scientists describe a new way of attacking cells infected by HIV. The work showcases a novel version of CAR-T, the technology known for its recent successes in fighting blood ... read more

Anti-Arthritis Drug Also Stops Tuberculosis Bacillus from Multiplying in Blood Stem Cells

Immunologists have shown that a drug used to fight arthritis also stops the process that allows the tuberculosis bacillus to infect and hijack blood stem ... read more

Drug Reverses Signs of Liver Disease in People Living With HIV

Researchers report that the injectable hormone tesamorelin reduces liver fat and prevents liver fibrosis (scarring) in people living with ... read more

Analysis of HIV-1B in Indonesia Illuminates Transmission Dynamics of the Virus

Research into the molecular phylogeny (evolutionary history) of the HIV-1B virus in Indonesia has succeeded in illuminating the transmission period and routes for three clades (main branches of the ... read more

In Women With HIV, TB Preventive Therapy Poses Greater Risk in Pregnancy Than Postpartum

Study results help clarify how to safely prevent tuberculosis (TB) in women living with HIV who are pregnant or have recently given birth, are taking antiretroviral therapy, and live where TB is ... read more

Most Kidney Transplants Between People With HIV Have Long-Term Success

People living with HIV who received kidney transplants from deceased donors with HIV had high rates of overall survival and kidney graft survival after five years, according to an observational ... read more

Tenfold Increase in Number of Adolescents on HIV Treatment in South Africa Since 2010, but Many Still Untreated

A new study of more than 700,000 one to 19-year olds being treated for HIV infection suggests a ten-fold increase in the number of adolescents aged 15 to 19 receiving HIV treatment in South ... read more

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