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Human Biology News
December 7, 2019

Top Headlines
 

Some of the same mutations allowing humans to fend off deadly infections also make us more prone to certain inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as Crohn's disease. ... read more
The health of cells is maintained, in part, by two types of movement of their nucleoli. This dual motion within surrounding fluid, it reports, adds to our understanding of ... read more
Wrinkles on the skin of a microscopic worm might provide the key to a longer, healthier life for humans. Working with Caenorhabditis elegans, a transparent nematode found in ... read more
A high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet like the Keto regimen has its fans, but influenza apparently isn't one of them. Mice fed a ketogenic diet were better able to combat the flu ... read more
Latest Headlines
updated 7:17pm EST

Earlier Headlines
 

'Junk DNA' Affects Inherited Cancer Risk

A person's risk of developing cancer is affected by genetic variations in regions of DNA that don't code for proteins, previously dismissed as 'junk DNA', according to new ... read more

Root of Childhood Kidney Cancer Discovered

A fundamental change in our understanding of the childhood kidney cancer Wilms' tumor is on the horizon, after the discovery of its earliest genetic root by scientists. By comparing genome ... read more

Machine Learning Helps Scientists Measure Important Inflammation Process

Inflammation is a hallmark of many health conditions, but quantifying how the underlying biology of inflammation contributes to specific diseases has been difficult. For the first time, researchers ... read more

Dynamics of Crucial Immune System Proteins

Of the many marvels of the human immune system, the processing of antigens by the class I proteins of the major histocompatability complex (MHC-I) is among the most mind-boggling. Exactly how these ... read more

Dramatic Transition in Streptomyces Life Cycle Explained in New Discovery

Streptomyces bacteria are our primary source of antibiotics, which are produced in the transition from vegetative growth to sporulation in a complex developmental life ... read more

How Stem Cells Decide Their Identity

Several hundred different cell types of the adult human body are formed during embryonic development, starting from just a few identical stem cells. The differentiation potential of the cells is ... read more

1940s Blood Samples Reveal Historical Spread of Malaria

DNA from 75-year old eradicated European malaria parasites uncovers the historical spread of one of the two most common forms of the disease, Plasmodium vivax, from Europe to the Americas during the ... read more

Deep Learning Identifies Molecular Patterns of Cancer

An artificial intelligence platform can analyze genomic data extremely quickly, picking out key patterns to classify different types of colorectal tumors and improve the drug discovery process. The ... read more

New Light Shed on Role Iron Biology Plays in Disease

New research shows that the body's system for regulating iron is much more complex than originally thought -- and this has surprising implications in at least three human ... read more

Fine-Tuning Gene Expression During Stress Recovery

Scientists have discovered non-coding RNA has a novel role to fine-tune gene expressions during stress recovery, getting closer to uncovering a 30-year-old nuclear ... read more

Machine-Guided Engineering of AAV Capsids

Taking a more systematic approach to the capsid protein-engineering problem, researchers mutated one by one each of the 735 amino acids within the AAV2 capsid, the best-known member of the AAV ... read more

Prostate Cancer 'Super Responders' Live for 2 Years on Immunotherapy

Some men with advanced prostate cancer who have exhausted all other treatment options could live for two years or more on immunotherapy, a major clinical trial has shown. Researchers found that a ... read more

Scientists Now Know What DNA's Chaperone Looks Like

Researchers have discovered the structure of the FACT protein -- a mysterious protein central to the functioning of ... read more

Gene Discovery in Fruit Flies Could Help Search for New Treatments for Mitochondrial Disease

Scientists have identified a protein in fruit flies that can be targeted to reverse the effects of disease-causing mutations in mitochondrial genes. The discovery could provide clues about how to ... read more

Silencing Retroviruses to Awaken Cell Potential

Silencing of retroviruses in the human genome is a crucial step in the production of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from somatic cells. Researchers led by a team from the University of ... read more

Dance of the RNases: Coordinating the Removal of RNA-DNA Hybrids

Scientists have deciphered how two enzymes, RNase H2 and RNase H1, are coordinated to remove RNA-DNA hybrid structures from ... read more

Swiss Army Knife for Genome Research

Multifunctional tool CRUP makes enhancer prediction quick and ... read more

Once Hidden Cellular Structures Emerge in Fight Against Viruses

A researcher describes how a cellular structure that was once lost to science combats attacks waged in the 'world's oldest ... read more

Building a Better Flu Shot

Getting the flu shot can reduce the chances of infection. But, at best, the vaccine is only effective 40% to 60% of the time, according to the CDC. Now researchers have data that show how cellular ... read more

Consistent Gene Changes in Alzheimer's Disease Across Studies

A comparison of mouse Alzheimer's disease models shows changes in the number of cells and the genes they express remain consistent throughout all stages of the ... read more

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