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Biochemistry Research News
December 5, 2019

Top Headlines
 

Using an innovative microscopy method, scientists have revealed the structure of the microbial communities coating microplastic trash collected from a variety of ... read more
Ancestors of modern bacteria cultured from an iron-rich lake in Democratic Republic of Congo could have been key to keeping Earth's dimly lit early climate warm, and in ... read more
The search for evidence of life on Mars could be helped by fresh insights into ancient rocks ... read more
Over the course of several months, researchers created Escherichia coli strains that consume carbon dioxide for energy instead of organic compounds. This achievement in ... read more
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Earlier Headlines
 

Record-Size Sex Chromosome Found in Two Bird Species

Researchers have discovered the largest known avian sex chromosome. The giant chromosome was created when four chromosomes fused together into one, and has been found in two species of ... read more

How Does Protein Fit in Your Holiday Diet or New Year's Resolutions?

While some diets load up on protein and other diets dictate protein sources, it can be hard to know what to consume while managing weight or during weight loss. A new study by nutrition scientists ... read more

Dynamics of Crucial Immune System Proteins

Of the many marvels of the human immune system, the processing of antigens by the class I proteins of the major histocompatability complex (MHC-I) is among the most mind-boggling. Exactly how these ... read more

How a Cellular Shuttle Helps HIV-1 Spread in Immune Organs

New insight on how a type of cell facilitates the spread of HIV-1 has just been ... read more

Dramatic Transition in Streptomyces Life Cycle Explained in New Discovery

Streptomyces bacteria are our primary source of antibiotics, which are produced in the transition from vegetative growth to sporulation in a complex developmental life ... read more

How the Strep Bacterium Hides from the Immune System

A bacterial pathogen that causes strep throat and other illnesses cloaks itself in fragments of red blood cells to evade detection by the host immune system, according to a new study. The researchers ... read more

Female Fish Can Breed a New Species If They Aren't Choosy About Who Is Mr. Right

Female fish can breed a new species if they aren't choosy about who is Mr. Right. Fish will mate with a species outside their own if the male's coloring is attractive enough or if the ... read more

Machine Learning That Works Like a Dream

Researchers have developed a machine learning algorithm that classifies the sleep stages of mice with record accuracy. This work may be used to greatly enhance the field of sleep ... read more

Harbor Porpoise Calves Exposed to Neurotoxic PCBs in Mothers' Milk

Harbour porpoise calves around the UK are carrying a more neurotoxic cocktail of PCBs than their mothers, as females unknowingly detoxify themselves by transferring the chemicals while feeding their ... read more

Cell-Free Synthetic Biology Comes of Age

New research explores how cell-free gene expression stands to help the field of synthetic biology dramatically impact society, from the environment to medicine to ... read more

Tiny Woodlands Are More Important Than Previously Thought

Small woodlands in farmland have more benefits for humans per area, compared to large forests according to a new study. The small woodlands, sometimes even smaller than a football field, can easily ... read more

1940s Blood Samples Reveal Historical Spread of Malaria

DNA from 75-year old eradicated European malaria parasites uncovers the historical spread of one of the two most common forms of the disease, Plasmodium vivax, from Europe to the Americas during the ... read more

Sweet Potato Uses a Single Odor to Warn Its Neighbors of Insect Attack

A single volatile substance can be sufficient to induce a defense response in sweet potatoes to herbivores. Researchers have identified this substance and shown that the mechanism is not only limited ... read more

Monkeys Inform Group Members About Threats -- Following Principles of Cooperation

Humans are often faced with the choice of investing in the greater good or being selfish and letting others do the work. Animals that live in groups often encounter threats, and informing others ... read more

'Clever Drugs for Slimy Bugs' in Fight Against Staph Infections

Bacterial biofilms that develop around golden staph infections make treatment difficult and prolonged, but researchers have shown in laboratory work that the hybrid antibiotics they have developed ... read more

New Evolutionary Insights Into the Early Development of Songbirds

An international team has sequenced a chromosome in zebra finches called the germline-restricted chromosome (GRC). This chromosome is only found in germline cells, the cells that hold genetic ... read more

Sounds of the Past Give New Hope for Coral Reef Restoration

Young fish can be drawn to degraded coral reefs by loudspeakers playing the sounds of healthy reefs, according to new ... read more

Fighting Fruit Flies: Aggressive Behavior Influenced by Previous Interactions

Aggression doesn't just depend on who you are or who you're interacting with but also depends on your previous interactions, a new fruit fly study has ... read more

New Vaccine Will Stop the Spread of Bovine TB

Scientists at the University of Surrey have developed a novel vaccine and complementary skin test to protect cattle against bovine tuberculosis (bovine ... read more

Researchers Study Chickens, Ostriches, Penguins to Learn How Flight Feathers Evolved

If you took a careful look at the feathers on a chicken, you'd find many different forms within the same bird -- even within a single feather. The diversity of feather shapes and functions ... read more

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